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Understanding Land and Plots Laws in Ghana: A Guide for Buyers


Purchasing land or plots in Ghana can be an exciting and rewarding venture, but it also comes with legal complexities that buyers must navigate. Understanding the land and plots laws is crucial to ensure a smooth and secure transaction. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive explanation of the key laws and regulations that land and plot buyers need to be aware of in Ghana.

1. Land Ownership in Ghana

In Ghana, there are two primary types of land ownership: customary and leasehold. Customary land is held by families or clans, and its sale or transfer is governed by traditional customs and practices. Leasehold land, on the other hand, is usually owned by the government or a designated entity and is leased to individuals or entities for a specified period.

2. Land Documentation and Verification

Before proceeding with any land purchase, it is essential to verify the authenticity of the land’s documentation. The Land Title Registry in Ghana maintains records of titled lands, and buyers should request a search to confirm the ownership status, any existing encumbrances, or disputes related to the land.

3. Land Title Registration

For security and legal protection, buyers are encouraged to register the land title at the Lands Commission. Registering the land ensures that the buyer’s interest is recognized by law, providing a valid and defensible claim over the property.

4. Permits and Approvals

Certain lands or plots may require specific permits or approvals from local authorities before any development or construction can take place. It is vital for buyers to check with the relevant authorities to ensure compliance with all necessary regulations.

5. Land Litigations and Disputes

Land disputes can be prevalent in Ghana, especially when dealing with customary lands. As a prospective buyer, it is essential to conduct due diligence and seek legal advice to ascertain the land’s history and potential disputes before finalizing any purchase.

6. Land Commission and Agencies

The Lands Commission is the primary government agency responsible for land administration in Ghana. Additionally, the Town and Country Planning Department and the Land Valuation Board play critical roles in land development and property valuation, respectively. Understanding the functions of these agencies can help buyers navigate the land acquisition process more efficiently.

7. Land Use and Zoning

Buyers should familiarize themselves with the local land use and zoning regulations that govern the area in which they intend to buy land or plots. These regulations outline the permissible uses of the land, such as residential, commercial, agricultural, or industrial purposes.

8. Taxation and Fees

Various taxes and fees may apply during the land acquisition process, including stamp duty, capital gains tax, and registration fees. Understanding the applicable taxes and fees can help buyers budget effectively for the transaction.


Acquiring land or plots in Ghana can be a rewarding investment, but it comes with legal intricacies that must not be overlooked. By understanding the land and plots laws in Ghana, buyers can make informed decisions, mitigate potential risks, and secure their ownership rights. It is strongly advised for buyers to seek legal counsel and professional assistance throughout the process to ensure a smooth and successful transaction.

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